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J. Korean Home Econ. Assoc > Volume 50(1); 2012 > Article
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association 2012;50(1):89-101. doi: https://doi.org/10.6115/khea.2012.50.1.089
Effects of Optimism and Orientations to Happiness on Psychological Well-Being of College Students
Kyungmin Kim, Jungha Lim
Department of Home Economics, Korea University
Corresponding Author: Jungha Lim ,Tel: +82-2-3290-2327, Fax: +82-2-927-7934, Email: jhlim@korea.ac.kr
Received: October 28, 2011; Revised: November 4, 2011   Accepted: December 2, 2011.
The purpose of this study was to investigate college students’ psychological well-being influenced by optimism and orientations to happiness. The participants were 412 college students aged from 20 to 28. Data were analyzed using Cronbach’s alpha, frequencies, percentiles, means, standard deviations, two-way ANOVAs and hierarchical regression analyses. The major findings were as follows. 1) In optimism, there were no significant differences in gender and the year of study in college. In orientations to happiness, male students pursued engagement in happiness more than female students and the seniors reported a significantly higher level of pursuit of happiness than freshmen did. In terms of psychological well-being, seniors scored significantly higher psychological well-being than freshmen. 2) Optimism and orientations to happiness were significant predictors of the psychological well-being of college students. With circumstances and optimism controlled, orientations to happiness still showed 13% variance in psychological well-being.
Keywords: college students, psychological well- being, optimism, orientations to happiness
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