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J. Korean Home Econ. Assoc > Volume 49(2); 2011 > Article
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association 2011;49(2):63-74. doi: https://doi.org/10.6115/khea.2011.49.2.063
The Effect of Tension and Low Self-Control on Cyber Deviation: Analyzing The Mediating Effect of Internet Addiction and Moderating Effect of Anonymity
Sujung Nam
Department of Home Economics Education, Jeonju University
Corresponding Author: Sujung Nam ,Tel: +82-63-220-2740, Fax: +82-63-220-2053, Email: bluesj@jj.ac.kr
Received: November 24, 2010; Revised: November 24, 2010   Accepted: December 15, 2010.
ABSTRACT
Tension and self-control are explanatory factors in adolescent delinquency, and internet addiction and anonymity are regarded as factors underlying cyber deviation. The aim of this study was to investigate the interrelationships between these factors and cyber deviation. Participants were 485 middle and high school students in the Jeonbuk region. The results showed that tension and self-control were predictors of cyber deviation and that internet addiction was a mediating variable for both the predictors. Anonymity was found to have a mediating role, but only in respect of the tension-cyber deviation pathway. These findings suggested a number of implications. Firstly, the educational programs on cyber deviation should be different from the existing deviation prevention programs. Secondly, measures to prevent internet addiction are needed for the effective prevention of cyber deviation. Lastly, the finding of a relationship between anonymity and cyber deviation indicates the need to adopt a long-term perspective drawing on values education techniques to develop a code of cyber space ethics for "netizens".
Keywords: cyber deviation, internet addiction, anonymity, tension, low self-control
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