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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association 2009;47(8):87-99.
외모 스트레스가 아동과 청소년의 자아 존중감에 미치는 영향: 성역할 정체감 및 우울감을 매개 변인으로
성신여자대학교 복지학과
The Effects of Appearance Stress on Children and Adolescents' Self-Esteem: Mediating Variables of Sex-Role Identity and Depression
Yoon-Joo Cho
Department of Welfare, Sungshin Women's University
This study aimed to explore self-esteem influencing variables such as appearance stress, sex-role identity, and depression, in order to assess self-esteem standards for children and adolescents. It also investigated mediating effects of sex-role identity and depression on self-esteem. The study subjects were 2,511 elementary students and 2,958 middle school students, selected using the Korea Adolescence Panel Data. The data collected from interviews were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis, t test, Pearson's correlation and hierarchical multiple regression. The main results were as follows: Firstly, appearance stress and depression of female students were higher than those of male students. However, sex-role identity of male students was higher than those of female students. Difference in self-esteem was not statistically significant between male and female students (P > 0.05). Secondly, appearance stress was positively correlated to sex-role identity and depression, but negatively correlated to selfesteem. Thirdly, sex-role identity and depression had a mediating affect on self-esteem. Finally, variables affecting self-esteem of children and adolescents were appearance stress, men-role identity, and depression. In addition to these variables, women-role identity was a major factor for female students.
Keywords: 외모 스트레스, appearance stress, 성역할 정체감, sex-role identity, 우울감, depression, 자아 존중감, self-esteem
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