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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association 2009;47(2):15-26.
이태리 가면희극 코메디아 델라르테(commedia dell` arte)와 한국 가면극의 복식특성 연구
김희정
한성대학교 패션디자인전공
A Study on Costume Feature of Italian Masque Commedia Dell'arte and Korean Masque
Hee-Jung Kim
Department of Fashion Design, Hansung University
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study is to research development process of commedia dell'arte and Korean masque that have similar figure, grasp similarity and difference and find the meaning of masque and costume in both theatrical arts. Italian commedia dell'arte and Korean masque are performed by wearing standardized mask and costume depending on the role. As common points, first, the characters have unique names and possess unique features of character, costumes, masks and playing styles. Through the feature, the audiences can understand role of actor and the actors can devote themselves to their role by wearing masks and costumes. Second, although background plays an important role in commedia dell'arte, the role of costume is more important. Because masque speaks for poverties of general people indirectly, the costumes of general people were used as they are. As different point, first, most of Korean masks cover entire face, restricting speech of actor but masks of commedia dell'arte cover only upper part of face and expos mouth and chin of actor, enabling actors to express various emotions depending on the character. Second, priority is given to personality of actor and origin area and current silhouette, material and color that changed by century is reflected in the costume of commedia dell'arte but silhouette, material and color of the Age of Joseon Dynasty were adopted in Korean masque.
Keywords: 코메디아 델라르테, commedia dell`arte, 한국 가면극, Korean Masque, 복식특성, Costume Feature
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