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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association 2006;44(1):75-85.
가족의 인구학적 변인과 아동의 정서적 반응이 부모의 정서 표현에 미치는 영향
The Influences of Family Demographics and Children's Emotional Reactions on the Emotional Expressiveness of Korean Parents
Ha-Na Song
Dept. of Child Psychology and Education, Sungkyunkwan Univ.
Emotional expressiveness is a pathway by which parents affect the emotional competence of their children. This study examined how the emotional expressiveness of parents is influenced by the emotional reactions of their children and demographic characteristics within a family context. Data for the present study were from 200 parents in 100 two-parent families who completed self-report questionnaires for emotional expressiveness, children's emotional reactions to stressful situations, and demographics. In preliminary analyses, mothers expressed emotions more frequently than fathers did, and mothers with high expressiveness of positive emotions were more educated and had higher family income. Although fathers' emotional expressiveness was closely related to mothers' expressiveness, none of the demographic factors were related to fathers' expressiveness. When all predictors were considered in hierarchical multiple regressions, family income was the significant predictor for mothers' positive expressiveness, whereas mothers' negative expressiveness were explained by children's emotional reactions, mother education, child sex, the number of siblings, fathers' education, and mothers' time spent with children. When controlled for mothers' expressiveness, fathers' time spent with children was the only significant predictor for fathers' negative expressiveness. The results of this study suggested that parents' emotional expressiveness varied with socioeconomic status. The discussion also examines the gender differences between mothers and fathers in emotional expressiveness, and their relations to children's sex.
Keywords: 아동, children, 부모, parents, 정서 표현성, emotional expressiveness, 가족 인구학적 변인, family demographics
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