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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association 2004;42(12):1-14.
유아 스트레스의 관련 변인 연구
Relevant Variables of Young Children's Stress
So Young Park, Moon, Hyuk Jun
Major of Child & Family, The Catholic University of Korea, School of Human Ecology, The Catholic University of Korea
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to identify how characteristics of young children (sex, age, birth order, temperament), parents (education level, employed or unemployed mother, mother's parenting behavior), and family (income) relate to young children's stress levels and to examine the relative effects of these variables on young children's stress. The subjects for this study were 287 young children, aged from 3 to 5 years old, selected from kindergartens and day-care centers in Busan. Data were analyzed with t-test, ANOVA, correlation, and multiple regression. The results were as follows. (1) Young children's stress was correlated with young children's sex, age, birth order and temperament. (2) Young children's stress was correlated with parenting behaviors. (3) Young children's stress was not correlated with income. (4) Children's emotionality and maternal overprotective behavior were the most significant variables affecting the stress experienced by boys and girls, respectively. (5) Maternal overprotective behavior variable affected both sibling and only children's stress.
Keywords: 스트레스, Stress, 기질, temperament, 양육행동, parenting behavior
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