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J. Korean Home Econ. Assoc > Volume 50(4); 2012 > Article
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association 2012;50(4):73-87. doi: https://doi.org/10.6115/khea.2012.50.4.073
School Adjustment and Future Time Perspectives of Children in Institutional Care According to Their Role Models
Mi-Young Shin, Hyun-Ah Kang
Division of Child Welfare and Studies, Sookmyung Women’s University
Corresponding Author: Mi-Young Shin ,Tel: +82-2-954-9006, Fax: +82-2-710-9209 , Email: jlsmy7569@sm.ac.kr
Received: March 22, 2012; Revised: March 26, 2012   Accepted: May 2, 2012.
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to analyze the difference in school adjustment and future time perspectives, according to the characteristics in regards to the role models of the children in institutional facilities. Data for this study were obtained from a survey conducted on 310 children aged 11-13. Data were analyzed using various statistical methods such as frequency analysis, chi-square test, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and one-way ANCOVA. The main findings of this study were as follows. First, overall, the majority of children selected entertainers and celebrities as their role models. Also, we found differences in children’s school adjustment according to their background variables (gender, staying with their siblings, and having parents alive). Second, having role models was significantly related to the levels of school adjustment as well as the positive future time perspectives of the children. Based on the results, practical implications for children in institutional care were discussed.
Keywords: children in institutional care, role model, school adjustment, future time perspective
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