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J. Korean Home Econ. Assoc > Volume 49(1); 2011 > Article
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association 2011;49(1):17-25. doi: https://doi.org/10.6115/khea.2011.49.1.017
Comparing Effects of Academic Achievement on Academic Self-Concept in Adolescent Siblings: The Mediating Role of Differential Maternal Treatment
Hyun-Ah We1, Seong-Yeon Park2
1Interdisciplinary Program of Child Development and Intervention, Ewha Womans University
2Department of Child Development, Ewha Womans University
Corresponding Author: Seong-Yeon Park ,Tel: +82-2-3277-3072, Fax: +82-2-3277-2852, Email: psy@ewha.ac.kr
Received: July 31, 2010; Revised: August 9, 2010   Accepted: October 3, 2010.
ABSTRACT
This study examined the impact of academic achievement and maternal differential treatment on academic self-concept among adolescent siblings. The sample consisted of 438 students attending middle schools in Seoul (M = 15.2 yrs.), who had a sibling. Data were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling. Academic achievement compared with a sibling and maternal differential treatment had direct effects on academic self-concept, indicating that children with higher academic achievement scores than their sibling and with perceived maternal differential treatment reported a significantly higher academic self-concept. Also, the relationship between academic achievement as compared with a sibling and academic self-concept was mediated by maternal differential treatment. These findings could be used in educational settings as a basis for improving the academic self-concept of early adolescents.
Keywords: academic achievement, academic self-concept, sibling comparison, differential treatment
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